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Maha Shivaratri 2020- Date, Time, Fasting and Rituals

Maha Shivaratri 2020– Maha Shivaratri is one of the popular Hindu festivals. Each and every year the festival is celebrating in honor of Lord Shiva. Especially marks the wedding day of Shiva. In the Hindu calendar has the Shivaratri on every lunar-solar month. On the 13th night and 14th day of the month. But once a year towards the end of the winter( most of the month is Feb/March).

Maha Shivaratri 2020

In the Hindu religion, Maha Shivaratri is a major festival. This is so glorious and marked as a reminder of the ‘Passing of darkness and ignorance’ of life in the world. In Kashmir, Maha Shivaratri called a Har-Ratri.

Maha Shivaratri 2020

This festival is an annual festival faithful to the Hindu God Shiva. The Shiva religion of Hinduism is especially important in tradition. In the Hindu festival, most of the festival is celebrates in day time but Shiva Ratri is celebrating at night.

Most Hindu festival that includes expression of culture enjoyment. But the Shivaratri is important to focus on Shiva temples, fasting, a meditation on Shiva, Self-reliance, social harmony and all night surveillance.

In the Shivaratri celebration are maintaining a ‘Jaagaran’. Shiva Hindus have spent this night in Shiva with their lives and the world ‘darkness and ignorance’.

People are offering milk, sweets, fruits, leaves to the Shiva. This day some people perform tantric worship of Shiva, fasting with Vedic and some perform meditative yoga. All the day in Shiva temple Shiva holy mantra “Om Namah Shiva” is chanted.

Based on the Hindu Luni Solar calendar Shivaratri celebrate over three or ten days. The main festival is called a Maha Shivaratri or a great Shivaratri. Which takes place on the 13th night(the moon Sinks) and the 14th day of the month of Falgun.

Maha Shivaratri 2020 Tantra

Shivaratri considers as the day when the Adi Yogi or the first Guru awakened his consciousness at the physical level of existence. According to the tantra in that level of consciousness, there is no objective experience and the mind is energized. It is regarded as the brightest night of the soul when yogi attains the state of emptiness or extinguishment the stage becomes a tomb or enlightenment.

Maha Shivaratri 2020 India celebration

In India(Globally) each and every state are celebrating Maha Shivaratri.

Tamil Nadu

Maha Shivaratri Tamil Nadu

Maha Shivaratri celebrates with great staggering and thunderstorms in TamilNadu at Annamalai temple in Thiruvannamalai district. On this day Tamil Nadu people walk around 14 km to the Lord Shiva temple on the top of the Hill. This walk is known as Giri Pradakshina.

Varanasi MahaShivaratri 2020

Varanasi Shivratri
Maha Shivaratri 2020

In India, Varanasi has a large no of shive temple. India major Jyotirlinga Shiva temple is located in Varanasi and Somanatha. During Shiva Shivaratri, they serve sites for fairs and special events. Shivratri festival especially popular all among women because they pray to the Lord to bless their husbands like him.

Every three hour the Shivling is worshiped with honey, yogurt, milk, Bael leaves in Varanasi everyone involve themselves in making various sweet dishes made from coconut for offering to the Lord. The whole night they awake to offer the lord and refrain from consuming any food. The next morning they broke their fast.

For this festival the special drink is prepared is called a Thandai mixture of almonds, milk, and cannabis. It is believed that Shiva is especially very much like cannabis. The drink is specially prepared for taking after long fast, the drink is very refreshing.


Somnath Shivaratri

Gujarat Somnath temple is very popular for maha-Shivaratri. In Gujarat, Shivaratri has identified Shiva lingam, celebrating fasting and worshiping Shivalinga to satisfy Lord Shiva. Gujarat is a huge population for Hindu that why Shivaratri is celebrated with enthusiasm and encouragement like other parts of India.

MahaShivaratri festival is associated with so many stories. Some people say Shivaratri is a wedding day of Lord Shiva to Devi Parvati. Some believed that Shiva performs ‘Tandava’  dance of preservation, Primitive creation and destruction.

In Gujarat during Mahashivaratri observe severe fast in honor of Lord Shiva. Many followers follow Shivratri without drinking even one drop of water for a full day. In Gujarat, it is believed that the sincere worship of devotees cleanses a person of all sins and free him from the cycle of birth and death.

Himachal Pradesh Mandi

Maha Shivaratri 2020
Maha Shivaratri 2020

Mandi Shivaratri festival is very popular all over India. Mandi Shivaratri Mela is held every year on the 13th day/13th night follows the Hindu calendar.

The popularity of the festival is huge and hence it is known as an international festival. Mandi town located in Beas river, popularly recognized as the ‘Cathedral of temples’. In Himachal Pradesh Mandi town is one of the oldest towns 81 different god and goddesses temples are there.


Shivaratri, Guwahati

During Shivaratri, Guwahati is the best place to visit for northeast people. The Umananda temple in Guwahati is the best place to visit during Shivaratri. The location of the temple is peacock Island in Brahmaputra river. During the festival, thousands of people in the northeast came here to witness the great festival.

Rishikesh Maha Shivaratri 2020

In Maha Shivaratri festival millions of devotees came here for visit purposes. There are several ashrams where devotes of all nationalities pray and sing kirtan in the night.


Sibsagar Shivaratri
Maha Shivaratri 2020

Sib Sagar also popular as Siva dol(Meaning the temple of Lord Shiva). This temple is a structure of Three Hindu temples like Siva dol(for shiv), Vishnu dol( for the Lord Vishnu) and dol. The height of the Shivadol is 104 feet and 195 feet base. Every year during the Maha Shivaratri a huge fair is organized at Shiva temple. People came from different places in India to visit worship.

Kashmir Valley

Maha Shivaratri 2020 in Kashmir

In Kashmiri valley, the Kashmiri pundit celebrates Mahashivaratri night as the wedding day of Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati. This festival is recognized in Kashmir as Herath.

Nashik Maha Shivaratri 2020

Maha Shivaratri 2020 Nasik
Maha Shivaratri 2020

During Maha Shivaratri, Nashik is the best place for a visit. This place becomes a center of religious activities during Maha-Shivaratri. In Nashik, the Someshwar temple is fully dedicated to Shiva and the Kalpeshwar temple dedicated to the Nandi( The Shiva Bull).

Madhya Pradesh-Khajuraho

Madhya Pradesh Shivaratri

Khajuraho is one place in Madhya Pradesh. Where the Mahashivaratri festival celebrates with enthusiasm. During the festival time, people went to the  Matangeshwar temple for 10 days fair and dug into the tank with a large crowd.


Maha Shivaratri 2020 Srikalahasti

Srikalahasti is one of the most popular Shiva temples in South India. Each and every year hundreds and thousands of people come here for a visit during the Maha Shivaratri festival. This place is popular because of Kannappa gladly left his eyes to stop the blood flowing from Shiva Lingam.

Srikalahasti temple is near to the Tirupati temple(Only 36km distance).

This place is famous for the element of air. This temple is one of the few famous and respected religious places in south India.

Maha Shivaratri 2020 fasting

For fasting, you should follow some minor but important rules likes

Maha Shivaratri fasting

Fast prepare yourself mentally

First, stay happy because you are fasting for a pure and good reason. Calm and prayerful mentality helps you to stay strong during the day. Any kind of stress can drain you emotionally and physically. So try to stay relax and free.

Hydration is very important

During the day of fasting, you should drink al least 8 glasses of water. In that way, you can avoid toxins and waste. But if you are fasting on water alone than the water amount can be increased to match your physical needs. For dehydration, you feel hungry and tired. Water can help you to stay energize and hydrate. But those people have a high level of acidity fasting alone water is not recommended.

Avoid Heavy work

During fasting your main focus is to stay relax and enjoy the day. Because of any kind of heavy work increase your metabolic rate. It can make you hungry, thirsty and overtired. So be relax listen to devotional songs, read some spiritual books.

Foods to eat during fasting

Those people have any kind of health problem or find it difficult to become hungry. Fasting with some quality liquids is helpfull for you like herbal tea, yogurt, milkshake, Buttermilk.

Pumpkin soup with rock salt

Sabudana Khichdi.

Lauki Ka Halwa, Kaju Katli, Pumpking pancakes.

For snacks, item tries raw banana Vadas, Aloo Tikki, sweet potato chaat, Aloo Chat(without Spices).

Maha Shivaratri 2020 date and time

Chaturdashi Tithi Begins– 4:34 pm on 21 st February 2020.

Chaturdashi Tithi Ends– 7:07 pm on 22nd February 2020

Nishita Kaal Puja Time– 12:25 am to 1:14 am (22nd Feb 2020)

First Prahar puja time(night)– 6:41 pm to 9:45 pm (on 21st February)

Second Prahar Puja time(night)– 9:45 to 12:49 Am

Third Prahar Puja time(night)– 12:49 am to 3:54 Am

Ratri Fourth Prahar Puja time– 3:54 Am to 6:58 Am

Time to break your fast– 6: 54 Am to 3:45 pm (on 22nd February)

Shivaratri Rituals

Puja rituals primarily involve the worship of Shivalinga.

All Shiva devotees wake up early morning and take a bath.

After they prayers to Lord Surya, Lord Vishnu and Shiva as a part of the purification.

All devotees wear clean and new clothes and visit their nearest Shiv temple for Shivalinga Abhishek.

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Significance of Shivling Abhishek

Ritual of worshipping ShivlingSpiritual Connotation   
Bathing Shiva linga with water milk and honeyit describe the Purification
Applying Sandalwood on Shiva linga after bathing itPutification and filing one self with divine fragrance
Offering of fruitsIt describe the logngevity
Burning IncenseSurrender of senses of the higher self
Lighting of the lampAttainment of Knowledge
offering betel leavesIt describes Satisfaction
Applying Tripundra on ForeheadIt describes Spiritual Knowledge and Purity

Interesting facts about Maha Shivaratri 2020

Maha Shivaratri 2020 facts
Maha Shivaratri 2020

It believes that Lord Shiv married to Parvati this day.

Maha Shivratri is one of the favorite night of Shiva.

It was the night Lord Shiva performs the Tandava dance of all creation and destruction in the universe.

We celebrate Mahashivratri because of the union of Shiva and Shakti the two greatest forces of the universe.

Maha Sivaratri special night for women because they want a husband like Shiva.

Nishita Kala is the most important time when Shiva brightened as Shiva Lingam.

Shiv ling is the main part of Maha Shivaratri. Shivling bath is made by using milk, honey, Gangajal, sugar, butter, etc. After a bath, fresh fruit, flower and Sandalwood paste and rice are offered.

In the Shiva Purana, clear instructions are mentioned that the materials used for Lingam worship and their specific Benefits in the Shivaratri.

Maha Shivaratri is very important for gaining control over the Rajas Guna(Excess Passion) and Tamas Guna(ignorance) during the Vrat.

Maha Shivaratri falls on the 14th of the Hindu Phalgun month.

The date of Maha Shivaratri 2020 is 21st February.


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